Knee Pain (osteoarthritis) – Causes And Treatment.
It is difficult to deal with any kind of pain. Knee Pain can have negative effects, as it can limit the ability to bend or move as it used to. This causes great discomfort. You cannot even do something that seems small because it will seem difficult tasks due to discomfort. Research shows that about 30 percent of people who visit doctors per year usually have a knee pain. The people who most often suffer from knee pain are athletes, but there are people who are severely affected by this condition. You need to take the best treatment for knee pain to stay healthy.
Knee pain Causes (osteoarthritis):
- Violent and sudden movement: One of the main causes of this pain is sudden and violent movements. Athletes, in particular, have sudden movements that can contribute to the development of pain around the knee. Because the knee is a joint, it is very susceptible to pain, because sudden movements can cause serious effects that can cause severe pain.
- Knee Injury: Another common cause of pain in the knee is an injury. Things like uncomfortable awkward landings, trips and accidents can damage the knee. Athletes are very vulnerable to knee injuries because they are always active. For example, basketball players are very susceptible to an anterior cruciate ligament (ACL), which occurs when the ligaments of the hip and femur are damaged. People who perform repetitive and arduous activities, such as jumping without resting, also have a good chance of putting tension on their knees.
- Tendinitis: Tendinitis is another factor that can cause severe pain in the knee. When the tendons become excessive, they become susceptible to infections that can cause more pain around the knee.
- Degenerative disease: a degenerative disease is usually occurs in people 50 years of age or older, is also the main cause of knee pain. It is a natural disorder and usually occurs as a result of cartilage deterioration due to continued use.
- Weight: overweight increase pressure on all the knee joint. Weight gain add 3 to 4 pounds to extra weight of the knee.
- Gender: women which are 50 years and older are more likely to have knee pain than men.
- Other illness: people with rheumatoid arthritis are most likely to develop knee pain.
The knee is a hinge, so it supports the body mass with a more limited movement than other joints. It must be stable and you must be able to stretch your legs completely. If a limited extension is needed for the muscles to support other parts of the body, you will feel pain in the knee area. Too much load on the ligaments will cause the knee to swing from side to side, which causes a lot of tension and pain around the knee.
What are the knee pain (osteoarthritis) symptoms?
- Pain that increase when you are active but gets a little better with taking rest.
- Feeling of warmth in the joint.
- Stiffness in the knee specially in the morning or when you have been setting for a while.
- Decrease in the mobility of the knee making it difficult in get out of the chairs or cars.
- Creaking crackly sound that is heard when the knee move.
Differential diagnosis of the knee pain (osteoarthritis).
- Physical exam: when you visit the doctor he will do the required inspection and determine the problem.
- X-Ray : which can show bone and cartilage as well as the presence of bone spurs.
- Magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) : MRI ordered when X-Ray not give a clear reason for joint pain.
How to get Knee pain treatment (Relief)?
- Weight loss: losing a small amount of weight can decrease knee pain effectively.
- Exercise: strengthening the muscle around the knee make joint more stable and decrease the pain. Stretching exercise help knee joint to be mobile.
- Pain relaters and anti inflammatory drugs Such as Acetaminophen (Tylenol) ibuprofen (Dvil –Motrin) Naproxen sodium (Aleve)
- Injection of corticosteroid or Hyaluronicacid Steroids are powerful anti inflammatory drugs, Hyaluornicacid is normally present in the joint
- Alternative therapy: it may effect with topical cream such as Caspsaicin, Acupuncture or supplements include glucosamine.
- Using Devices such as braces: there are two types of braces ( unloader braces ) which take the weight from the side of the knee affected by arthritis. (Supportive braces) which provide support to the knee.
- Physical and occupational therapy surgery.
Steps To avoid knee pain.
To avoid knee pain you should interrupt the activities that deepen the pain, immediately or over time. If the pain is caused by your last injury, using a flexible bandage can help reduce this pain. Using a cane that supports you while walking can also help reduce pain. You can use a cane on the opposite side of the knee or on the hand that is on the side of the painful knee. Exercise will also help reduce knee pain. However, you should perform exercises slowly and do them several times a day if successful. One of the best exercises you can do if you have pain in your upper knee is swimming. It is an exercise that is not related to weight transfer and, therefore, does not cause tension around the knee. When swimming, you should pay special attention when stretching and bending your legs. When you have knee pain, the way you feel can cause problems, so you will have to sit in a good position. Be careful when you sit in a position where your knees can bend. If you are sitting for a long time, make sure the leg is stretched to undermine the knee of the grove and release the pressure.