Neck and shoulders Pain: Causes, Home Treatments

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Neck pain Causes

Many reasons can cause neck and shoulders pain. Therefore the treatment of neck and shoulder varies depending on the causes. Shoulder and neck pain is normally related to each other and doctors will typically examine the neck and shoulder when a patient feels discomfort with neck or shoulder or both of them. You should seek medical attention at your main healthcare center. Untreated neck and shoulder pain can lead to serious problems depending on the cause.

The shoulders area is a complex area that contains a large number of muscles, arteries, veins, tendons and ligaments when damaged can be a source of pain.

When shoulder and neck pain happens, the causes of that problem could be

( Causes of neck pain ):

The type of pain caused by various causes of discomfort in the neck can vary considerably. However if you suffer from pain, sometimes its difficult to even determine where it comes from specially if the pain extreme. The doctor can better determine the causes of pain. You can become familiar with some procedures before visiting a doctor. This is a normal desire because most people want to know what to expect. Here is some causes of the neck pain you have to know.

  • Poor posture : Sitting or lying in the wrong position may cause neck and shoulder pain and therefore is not recommended to sit for long periods in one position either computer or smart devices and also advised the use of medical Pillow.
  • Trauma :  If you have a collision or fall and feel pain in the neck or shoulder area, try to relax and seek medical help.
  • Abnormalities in the bone or joints: This is a genetic disease that needs urgent medical consultation and medical tests that may require surgical intervention such as the abnormalities of spinal cord, heart, lung, stomach organs.
  • Tumors : Cancer on the neck spine can cause sever pain.
  • Muscle strain : its usually a result of overuse or improper use of muscle or Fatigue. It happens during hard exercises due to muscle overstretch of the muscle tear.
  • Degenerative Diseases: arthritis or disc or muscular degeneration.
  • Bursitis : inflammation of bursa of the shoulder.
  • Rotator cuff injuries : injuries to the muscle which supports shoulders.

Shoulder pain Causes :

  • Tendonitis from overuse : overuse of shoulder can lead to tendons injured and become inflamed. Tendinitis is a factor that can cause severe pain in the knee too.
  • Dislocation : it happens when the upper arm bone go out of the shoulder socket.
  • Frozen shoulder: Shoulder stiffness occurs when capsule of the shoulder inflammation
  • Strains from overexertion: when you make too much pressure on the shoulder muscle.
  • Shoulder joint instability : it happens when the structure around shoulder joint are unstable like muscles, tendons, capsule that make the ball of the shoulder get out of the socket.
  • Collar or upper arm bone fractures :
  • Pinched nerves (also called radiculopathy): that’s occur when the nerves became Pinched in a certain area of the spinal cord which make a referred pain and numbness.

How Are Neck and Shoulder Pain Diagnosed?

  •  X-rays: Simple x-rays can reveal narrowing of space between the bones of the spine, diseases that resemble arthritis, tumors, dislocations, narrowing of the spinal canal, fractures and spinal instability
  • MRI: Magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) is an extended procedure that can reveal details of neural components (associated with nerves), as well as tendon and ligament problems.
  • Myelography/CT scanning: This is sometimes used as an alternative to MRI.
  • Electrodiagnostic studies: Electromyography and nerve conduction velocity Sometimes used to diagnose neck pain, shoulder, arm pain, numbness and tingling.

How Are Neck and Shoulder Pain Treated?

The treatment of neck and shoulder pain can be as simple as relaxing the body. If you have suffered minor injuries or have only mild pain, you may need to rest your neck and shoulders a little. After resting for a few days, you want to exercise and help your body recovered slowly. Ice in the neck is also a frequent treatment for pain. The formation of ice for 15 to 20 minutes every hour is an effective ice formation. Elevating body parts above the heart can help reduce swelling and pain. Pillows are a common device to comfortably lift the body. Pain relief can also be achieved with paracetamol or ibuprofen. This medication help reduce swelling and pain.

1 – Home Treatment for neck and shoulder pain.

Here is some steps for home remedies for shoulder and neck pain.

  • Minor injuries that have minor pain can be treated at home. If the source of the pain and cause of the pain is not known, or if the symptoms indicate that you may have a more serious condition, you should contact your doctor when you start basic care.
  • Avoid sitting in uncomfortable positions for long periods of time either for reading or for work or for computer use.
  • Rest: Use the affected area as little as possible within the first two to three days, and then begin slowly to practice the affected area. This accelerates recovery.
  • Ice: Place the ice in a plastic bag, then wrap the bag with a towel, then place it on the affected area for 15-20 minutes every hour. Using snow directly can damage the skin.
  • Use pillows to support yourself. Raising your head above your heart helps to swell. This reduces the pain.
  • Do not use the heat for the first week after infection because it may increase swelling in the affected area and increase your pain.

2 – Medical Treatment

  • anti-inflammatory drugs can be used for neck and shoulder pain treatment such as ibuprofen (Advil or Motrin)or naproxen (Aleve or Naprosyn).
  • acetaminophen (Tylenol) Pain relievers may also be recommended. muscle relaxers and antidepressant drug can be used .Pain can be decrease by using moist heat and ice. corticosteroid injections can decrease the arthritis of the shoulder .

Precautions

 How can I prevent shoulder and neck pain?

To avoid and prevent most injuries, remove any possible hazards and risks you may encounter at home and work during your normal day to reduce any possible injury. Exercises also can reduce the risk of shoulder and neck pain injury. Do not implement activities that you do not have the training, skills, tools or power to achieve For  example Do not carry over weight. use safety equipment to reduce injuries for example Wear safety belts when you are in a high place.

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